Informal Public Transportation Networks in Three Indonesian Cities

“As Indonesian cities today become more prosperous, the demand for mobility among the urban poor is rapidly growing. This is nowhere more the case than in Jakarta – each day city streets become frozen with congestion. Government efforts to supply public transportation are insufficient at best. Informal transportation providers driving ojeks are a common sight weaving among unmoving traffic, simultaneously offering a faster route and contributing to congestion. Growth is also coming to other medium-sized Indonesian cities like Jogja and Solo in Central Java and Palembang in Sumatra—and so is the traffic. Yet while motorized transport is increasing in these cities, the environmental problems of congestion and pollution have not reached the scale of Indonesia’s biggest cities. In fact, as this report describes, informal public transportation offers potential alternatives to the negative stresses of growth on urban transportation systems as well as innovative approaches to provide service to people in poverty.

This report looks at informal public transportation (IPT) from different perspectives and reconsiders its value not just in improving urban mobility, but also as a provider of employment and backbone of the informal economy.”
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